OBJECTIVE:: To examine the factor structure and construct validity of the Community Integration Questionnaire, a widely used measure of community participation among individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI), among 3 racial/ethnic groups. DESIGN:: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. SETTING:: Enrollment in acute inpatient TBI rehabilitation with follow-up at 1 year after injury. PARTICIPANTS:: A total of 1756 persons with TBI enrolled in the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems (TBIMS) national Database. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:: Community Integration Questionnaire at 1 year after injury. RESULTS:: The goodness of fit for the factor structure of the Community Integration Questionnaire, separating items into Home Competency, Social Integration, and Productive Activity, was satisfactory for whites but not for blacks or Hispanics. CONCLUSIONS:: Clinicians and researchers should take race/ethnicity into account when utilizing measures of community integration.
- brain injuries
- community integration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation