The relationship between percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and subsequent development of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is complex and not well understood. The authors retrospectively reviewed 82 children over a 5- year period who underwent PEG tube (n = 64) or PEG button (n = 18) placement. Children were evaluated preoperatively for clinical evidence of GER (C-GER) or radiographic GER (R-GER) with upper gastrointestinal contrast study or Tc99m gastric scinitiscan. Seventy-five patients were evaluated for clinical evidence of postoperative GER by direct family contact. Eleven of 39 (28%) patients with no GER preoperatively developed GER postoperatively, eight (20%) of whom required Nissen fundoplication (NF) or gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tube. Ten of 19 (53%) with preoperative C-GER but no R-GER continued to have GER after PEG, but only three required NF or GJ. Only one of nine children who had R-GER only developed clinical GER after PEG placement. Of the eight children with both C-GER and R-GER, only two (25%) required NE or GJ and two (25%) had no postoperative GER. The authors conclude that PEG tubes are useful in infants and children and are associated with a relatively low incidence of postoperative GER. If C-GER is absent, a PEG is a reasonable procedure to consider even in the presence of R-GER.
- gastroesophageal reflux
- Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas