The dynamic role of cardiac fibroblasts in development and disease

Jacquelyn D. Lajiness, Simon J. Conway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiac fibroblasts are the most abundant cell in the mammalian heart. While they have been historically overlooked in terms of functional contributions to development and physiology, cardiac fibroblasts are now front and center. They are currently recognized as key protagonists during both normal development and cardiomyopathy disease, and work together with cardiomyocytes through paracrine, structural, and potentially electrical interactions. However, the lack of specific biomarkers and fibroblast heterogeneous nature currently convolutes the study of this dynamic cell lineage; though, efforts to advance marker analysis and lineage mapping technologies are ongoing. These tools will help elucidate the functional significance of fibroblast-cardiomyocyte interactions in vivo and delineate the dynamic nature of normal and pathological cardiac fibroblasts. Since therapeutic promise lies in understanding the interface between developmental biology and the postnatal injury response, future studies to understand the divergent roles played by cardiac fibroblasts both in utero and following cardiac insult are essential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)739-748
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of cardiovascular translational research
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • Cardiac fibroblast
  • Cardiomyocytes
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Cell lineage marking
  • Embryo heart
  • Periostin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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