The membrane fluidity of cells of human (AG1522 human foreskin fibroblasts), rodent [Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and radiation-induced mouse fibrosarcoma], and feline (Crandall feline kidney) cell lines after heating at 45°C was measured by flow cytometry. In addition, a heat-resistant variant of radiation-induced mouse fibrosarcoma cells and two heat-sensitive CHO strains were studied. Fluorescence polarization of the plasma membrane probe trimethylammonium-diphenylhexatriene was used as a measure of membrane fluidity. The sensitivity of all cell lines to 45°C hyperthermia was compared. The baseline membrane fluidity varied among the cell lines, but did not correlate with sensitivity to hyperthermia. However, CHO cells, especially the heat-sensitive mutants, had the largest increase in membrane fluidity after heating at 45°C, while the heat-resistant mouse fibrosarcoma variants and Crandall feline kidney cells resisted changes in fluidity. In general, the more resistant the cell line was to killing by heat, the more resistant it was to changes in membrane fluidity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging