The Effect of Chronic Exogenous Androgen on Myocardial Function Following Acute Ischemia-Reperfusion in Hosts with Different Baseline Levels of Sex Steroids

Un Hui Nam, Meijing Wang, Paul R. Crisostomo, Troy A. Markel, Tim Lahm, Kirstan K. Meldrum, Keith D. Lillemoe, Daniel R. Meldrum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Gender differences exist in the myocardial response to acute ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and may be attributed to the effects of the sex hormones estrogen and testosterone. The role of estrogen in myocardial injury has been extensively studied but little information exists regarding the myocardial involvement of testosterone. Based on the deleterious effects of chronic endogenous and acute testosterone exposure observed in our previous studies, we postulated that chronic exogenous testosterone administration would also exhibit deleterious effects on myocardial function following I/R. Methods: Langendorff perfused rat hearts were subjected to 25 min ischemia, 40 min reperfusion, and left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) was recorded. Control and 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treated groups each consisted of normal males, castrated males, ovariectomized (OVX) females, and senescent females. P < 0.05 = significant. Results: Chronic DHT replacement therapy showed no difference in functional ischemic recovery as measured by LVDP after 40 min reperfusion in castrated males (65.1 ± 8.13% versus 66.3 ± 4.54%), OVX females (64.5 ± 10.6% versus 50.2 ± 5.97%), and senescent females (42.1 ± 0.04% versus 41 ± 0.05%). Interestingly, LVDP was greater in DHT treated males than control males after I/R (65.2 ± 8.20% versus 47.6 ± 5.19%). Also, DHT treatment resulted in significantly increased recovery of LVDP after only 10 min reperfusion in castrated males, OVX females, and senescent females compared with their untreated counterparts (54.8 ± 11.9% versus 32.9 ± 5.75%, 66.7 ± 11.5% versus 43.1 ± 8.15%, 53.4 ± 10.1% versus 32.9 ± 5.75%, respectively). Conclusion: Contrary to the adverse effects we observed in earlier studies with both endogenous and brief exogenous testosterone in myocardium injured by I/R, the present study revealed that chronic exogenous testosterone neither improved nor worsened myocardial functional recovery following 25 min ischemia and 40 min reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-118
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume142
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

Keywords

  • heart function
  • myocardial ischemia
  • testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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