The effect of double adhesive application on the shear bond strength to dentin of compomers using three one-bottle adhesive systems.

J. A. Platt, J. Almeida, C. Gonzalez-Cabezas, B. Rhodes, B. K. Moore

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Abstract

The development of one-bottle dentin adhesive systems resulted in much optimism about providing simplified predictable esthetic dentistry. However, laboratory testing of these systems continues to provide significant variations between facilities. A potential effect of the number of applications was noted in this author's laboratory. This study evaluated the effect of doubling the manufacturer's recommended number of applications on shear bond strength to dentin. Ninety human molars were divided into groups of 15. The occlusal surfaces were finished to 600 grit SiC to provide a flat dentin bonding surface. Prime & Bond NT-Dyract, Optibond Solo-Elan and One Step-Dyract were evaluated. Each material was tested using: (1) the recommended number of adhesive applications and (2) twice the number of applications recommended. All adhesive applications were accomplished before light curing the adhesive. The specimens were thermocycled after one week of storage and tested in shear after two weeks. Specimens were also fabricated after adding Rhodamine D to the adhesive to allow for visualization using confocal microscopy. These teeth were sectioned and viewed 24 hours after fabrication. A t-test was used to compare differences within product groups. The results showed a significant effect (p < 0.001) when a double application of Prime & Bond NT was used. No difference was seen with Optibond Solo or One Step. All specimens appeared to have a uniform, glossy appearance of adhesive during fabrication. Therefore, the appearance of the adhesive after application may not be a reliable predictor of acceptable bonding. Confocal microscopy showed that single application Prime & Bond NT specimens did not exhibit a uniform thickness of adhesive across the entire interface. Tubule penetration and hybridization was apparent for all specimens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-317
Number of pages5
JournalOperative dentistry
Volume26
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2001

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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