Hyperthermia has shown promise as an anticancer therapy, but its application to lung neoplasms has been limited by whole body hyperthermia complications and the intrathoracic location of lung neoplasms. Previous studies have shown that interstitial hyperthermia could be performed through a thoracotomy approach and that animals tolerated the procedure without biochemical or hematologic abnormalities. The normal lung's local blood flow pattern and parenchymal changes due to hyperthermia of various temperatures and durations were studied. The experimental protocol applied hyperthermia through interstitial electrodes at temperatures of 39° 41° 43° and 45°C. Tissue blood flow was measured with radioactive microspheres at 20, 40, and 60 minutes of hyperthermia. Histologic examination was performed of biopsy specimens taken from the heated area, from 2 and 5 cm from the heated area, and from distant parenchyma. These initial studies demonstrate that interstitial hyperthermia in the normal lung does not cause a decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance, that interstitial hyperthermia in the normal lung at temperatures of 43° or 45°C for durations of longer than 20 minutes decreases local pulmonary blood flow, that interstitial hyperthermia causes mild vascular disruption at temperatures of 39°C or greater in the heated area but does not affect adjacent or distant lung parenchyma, and that lung hyperthermia causes generalized vascular disruption with severe widening of the pulmonary interstitium and severe hemorrhage in the heated areas when temperatures of 43° or 45°C are applied. Because interstitial hyperthermia affected only local lung damage, it may be applicable in the treatment of localized lung tumors.
- Pulmonary blood flow
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