The effect of short-term auditory deprivation on the control of intraoral pressure in pediatric cochlear implant users

David L. Jones, Sujuan Gao, Mario A. Svirsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine whether 2 speech measures (peak intraoral air pressure [IOP] and IOP duration) obtained during the production of intervocalic stops would be altered as a function of the presence or absence of auditory stimulation provided by a cochlear implant (CI). Five pediatric CI users were required to produce repetitions of the words puppy and baby with their CIs turned on. The CIs were then turned off for 1 hr, at which time the speech sample was repeated with the CI still turned off. Seven children with normal hearing formed a comparison group. They were also tested twice, with a 1-hr intermediate interval. IOP and IOP duration were measured for the medial consonant in both auditory conditions. The results show that auditory condition affected peak IOP more so than IOP duration. Peak IOP was greater for /p/ than /b/ with the CI off, but some participants reduced or reversed this contrast when the CI was on. The findings suggest that different speakers with CIs may use different speech production strategies as they learn to use the auditory signal for speech.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)658-669
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

Fingerprint

Air Pressure
Cochlear Implants
deprivation
air
Pediatrics
Pressure
Acoustic Stimulation
Cochlear Implant
Hearing
Deprivation
Air
baby

Keywords

  • Auditory feedback
  • Cochlear implant
  • Intraoral pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

The effect of short-term auditory deprivation on the control of intraoral pressure in pediatric cochlear implant users. / Jones, David L.; Gao, Sujuan; Svirsky, Mario A.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 46, No. 3, 01.06.2003, p. 658-669.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cfa7127a21914323b7bf7eed881e7722,
title = "The effect of short-term auditory deprivation on the control of intraoral pressure in pediatric cochlear implant users",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to determine whether 2 speech measures (peak intraoral air pressure [IOP] and IOP duration) obtained during the production of intervocalic stops would be altered as a function of the presence or absence of auditory stimulation provided by a cochlear implant (CI). Five pediatric CI users were required to produce repetitions of the words puppy and baby with their CIs turned on. The CIs were then turned off for 1 hr, at which time the speech sample was repeated with the CI still turned off. Seven children with normal hearing formed a comparison group. They were also tested twice, with a 1-hr intermediate interval. IOP and IOP duration were measured for the medial consonant in both auditory conditions. The results show that auditory condition affected peak IOP more so than IOP duration. Peak IOP was greater for /p/ than /b/ with the CI off, but some participants reduced or reversed this contrast when the CI was on. The findings suggest that different speakers with CIs may use different speech production strategies as they learn to use the auditory signal for speech.",
keywords = "Auditory feedback, Cochlear implant, Intraoral pressure",
author = "Jones, {David L.} and Sujuan Gao and Svirsky, {Mario A.}",
year = "2003",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1044/1092-4388(2003/052)",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "658--669",
journal = "Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research",
issn = "1092-4388",
publisher = "American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of short-term auditory deprivation on the control of intraoral pressure in pediatric cochlear implant users

AU - Jones, David L.

AU - Gao, Sujuan

AU - Svirsky, Mario A.

PY - 2003/6/1

Y1 - 2003/6/1

N2 - The purpose of this study was to determine whether 2 speech measures (peak intraoral air pressure [IOP] and IOP duration) obtained during the production of intervocalic stops would be altered as a function of the presence or absence of auditory stimulation provided by a cochlear implant (CI). Five pediatric CI users were required to produce repetitions of the words puppy and baby with their CIs turned on. The CIs were then turned off for 1 hr, at which time the speech sample was repeated with the CI still turned off. Seven children with normal hearing formed a comparison group. They were also tested twice, with a 1-hr intermediate interval. IOP and IOP duration were measured for the medial consonant in both auditory conditions. The results show that auditory condition affected peak IOP more so than IOP duration. Peak IOP was greater for /p/ than /b/ with the CI off, but some participants reduced or reversed this contrast when the CI was on. The findings suggest that different speakers with CIs may use different speech production strategies as they learn to use the auditory signal for speech.

AB - The purpose of this study was to determine whether 2 speech measures (peak intraoral air pressure [IOP] and IOP duration) obtained during the production of intervocalic stops would be altered as a function of the presence or absence of auditory stimulation provided by a cochlear implant (CI). Five pediatric CI users were required to produce repetitions of the words puppy and baby with their CIs turned on. The CIs were then turned off for 1 hr, at which time the speech sample was repeated with the CI still turned off. Seven children with normal hearing formed a comparison group. They were also tested twice, with a 1-hr intermediate interval. IOP and IOP duration were measured for the medial consonant in both auditory conditions. The results show that auditory condition affected peak IOP more so than IOP duration. Peak IOP was greater for /p/ than /b/ with the CI off, but some participants reduced or reversed this contrast when the CI was on. The findings suggest that different speakers with CIs may use different speech production strategies as they learn to use the auditory signal for speech.

KW - Auditory feedback

KW - Cochlear implant

KW - Intraoral pressure

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0038119914&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0038119914&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1044/1092-4388(2003/052)

DO - 10.1044/1092-4388(2003/052)

M3 - Article

C2 - 14696993

AN - SCOPUS:0038119914

VL - 46

SP - 658

EP - 669

JO - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

JF - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

SN - 1092-4388

IS - 3

ER -