The effect of strontium and combinations of strontium and fluoride on the remineralization of artificial caries lesions in vitro.

Ghaeth H. Yassen, Frank Lippert, George Eckert, Jennifer Eder, Andrea Ferreira Zandoná

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Abstract

To determine the effect of relatively low strontium concentrations on enamel remineralization and investigate the dose-response effects of strontium and fluoride combinations on the remineralization of artificial caries lesions in vitro. Artificial caries lesions were created in 135 bovine enamel specimens. Lesion severity was analyzed using transverse microradiography (TMR) and quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF). The specimens were randomly assigned to nine treatment groups based on lesion volume after lesion creation, as measured by TMR. Treatment groups were based on a 3 x 3 factorial design (0/0.05/0.1 ppm fluoride and 0/10/15 ppm strontium). Lesions were remineralized at 37°C for 14 days in artificial saliva, which was supplemented or not with NaF and/or SrCl2 x 6H2O. Lesion remineralization was assessed using QLF and TMR. Data were analyzed using ANOVA. For the TMR data, lesion remineralization in the 10 ppm strontium + 0.05 ppm fluoride group was significantly higher than in all other groups (P <.05) except the 0 ppm strontium + 0.05 ppm fluoride group (P = .06). The 10 ppm strontium + 0 ppm fluoride group exhibited significantly less remineralization than the 0 ppm strontium + 0 ppm fluoride group (P = .048). For the QLF data, intergroup differences were not the same as for the TMR analysis. The QLF measurement was only moderately correlated with TMR mineral loss (r = -0.37). Strontium alone did not improve the remineralization of artificial caries lesions under the chosen in vitro conditions. However, a synergistic effect between the combination of fluoride and strontium was found at specific concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalQuintessence International
Volume43
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2012

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Strontium
Fluorides
Microradiography
Fluorescence
Light
Dental Enamel
Artificial Saliva
In Vitro Techniques
Minerals
Analysis of Variance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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The effect of strontium and combinations of strontium and fluoride on the remineralization of artificial caries lesions in vitro. / Yassen, Ghaeth H.; Lippert, Frank; Eckert, George; Eder, Jennifer; Zandoná, Andrea Ferreira.

In: Quintessence International, Vol. 43, No. 7, 07.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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