The effect of topical APF foam and other fluorides on veneer porcelain surfaces.

K. Kula, T. J. Kula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Some topical fluorides cause surface changes in dental materials. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a topical acidulated phosphate sodium fluoride (1.23% APF) foam with the effects of other topical fluorides on the surface of veneer porcelain. Forty porcelain specimens (Ceramco) were placed into eight groups (N = 5). Four groups were immersed in either 1.23% APF foam, 1.23% APF gel, 2.0% sodium fluoride (NaF) gel, or water (reference) for 1 min. The other four groups were immersed in one of the above agents for four 1-min immersions. The surface topography of two scanning electron micrographs of each specimen was scored visually by two raters and by computer digital analysis (CDA). Inter-rater reliability was r = 0.67 (intraclass correlation coefficient). There were no significant differences in the mean visual scores or CDA scores among any of the groups immersed for 1 min. Porcelain immersed 4 min in APF gel had significantly greater mean visual scores and CDA scores than the other treatments (P < or = 0.0001; one-way ANOVA and Tukey's Studentized Range Test). The average surface topography scores of veneer porcelain immersed for 1 min in 1.23% APF gel, 2.0% NaF gel, 1.23% APF foam, or water were not significantly different. Significantly greater surface topography scores occurred following 4 min of immersion in 1.23% APF gel than all other agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-361
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric dentistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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