The effects of anger on psychomotor performance in adults with HIV

David E. Vance, Barbara A. Smith, Judith L. Neidig, Michael T. Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

To investigate predictors of cognitive functioning, 46 HIV-positive adults were assessed on physiological, psychomotor, and affective variables. Using age, six mood domains measured by the Profile of Mood States, CD4+ lymphocyte count, and HIV-1 RNA viral count as independent predictors and Trails A and B and Grooved Pegboard as dependent variables of psychomotor performance, stepwise regressions revealed that only anger was a significant predictor of cognitive impairment. Implications for further studies examining the effects of negative affect on psychomotor performance are specified. Suggestions of how cognitive-behavioral stress management can be used as a potential intervention to decrease anger and negative affect and improve mental health and cognition are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-98
Number of pages16
JournalSocial Work in Mental Health
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Anger
  • Cognition
  • HIV
  • Psychomotor performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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