The effects of GATA-1 and NF-E2 deficiency on bone biomechanical, biochemical, and mineral properties

Melissa Kacena, Caren M. Gundberg, William J. Kacena, William J. Landis, Adele L. Boskey, Mary L. Bouxsein, Mark C. Horowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mice deficient in GATA-1 or NF-E2, transcription factors required for normal megakaryocyte (MK) development, have increased numbers of MKs, reduced numbers of platelets, and a striking high bone mass phenotype. Here, we show the bone geometry, microarchitecture, biomechanical, biochemical, and mineral properties from these mutant mice. We found that the outer geometry of the mutant bones was similar to controls, but that both mutants had a striking increase in total bone area (up to a 35% increase) and trabecular bone area (up to a 19% increase). Interestingly, only the NF-E2 deficient mice had a significant increase in cortical bone area (21%) and cortical thickness (27%), which is consistent with the increase in bone mineral density (BMD) seen only in the NF-E2 deficient femurs. Both mutant femurs exhibited significant increases in several biomechanical properties including peak load (up to a 32% increase) and stiffness (up to a 13% increase). Importantly, the data also demonstrate differences between the two mutant mice. GATA-1 deficient femurs break in a ductile manner, whereas NF-E2 deficient femurs are brittle in nature. To better understand these differences, we examined the mineral properties of these bones. Although none of the parameters measured were different between the NF-E2 deficient and control mice, an increase in calcium (21%) and an increase in the mineral/matrix ratio (32%) was observed in GATA-1 deficient mice. These findings appear to contradict biomechanical findings, suggesting the need for further research into the mechanisms by which GATA-1 and NF-E2 deficiency alter the material properties of bone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1594-1600
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume228
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

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Minerals
Bone
Bone and Bones
Femur
NF-E2 Transcription Factor
Megakaryocytes
Platelet Count
Bone Density
Geometry
Platelets
Calcium
Loads (forces)
Materials properties
Research
Stiffness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

Kacena, M., Gundberg, C. M., Kacena, W. J., Landis, W. J., Boskey, A. L., Bouxsein, M. L., & Horowitz, M. C. (2013). The effects of GATA-1 and NF-E2 deficiency on bone biomechanical, biochemical, and mineral properties. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 228(7), 1594-1600. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.24322

The effects of GATA-1 and NF-E2 deficiency on bone biomechanical, biochemical, and mineral properties. / Kacena, Melissa; Gundberg, Caren M.; Kacena, William J.; Landis, William J.; Boskey, Adele L.; Bouxsein, Mary L.; Horowitz, Mark C.

In: Journal of Cellular Physiology, Vol. 228, No. 7, 07.2013, p. 1594-1600.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kacena, M, Gundberg, CM, Kacena, WJ, Landis, WJ, Boskey, AL, Bouxsein, ML & Horowitz, MC 2013, 'The effects of GATA-1 and NF-E2 deficiency on bone biomechanical, biochemical, and mineral properties', Journal of Cellular Physiology, vol. 228, no. 7, pp. 1594-1600. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.24322
Kacena, Melissa ; Gundberg, Caren M. ; Kacena, William J. ; Landis, William J. ; Boskey, Adele L. ; Bouxsein, Mary L. ; Horowitz, Mark C. / The effects of GATA-1 and NF-E2 deficiency on bone biomechanical, biochemical, and mineral properties. In: Journal of Cellular Physiology. 2013 ; Vol. 228, No. 7. pp. 1594-1600.
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