The effects of purified recombinant murine interleukin-3 and/or purified natural murine CSF-1 in vivo on the proliferation of murine high- and low-proliferative potential colony-forming cells: Demonstration of in vivo synergism

D. E. Williams, G. Hangoc, S. Cooper, H. S. Boswell, R. K. Shadduck, S. Gillis, A. Waheed, D. Urdal, H. E. Broxmeyer

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26 Scopus citations


Purified natural murine L cell (macrophage) colony-stimulating factor (nCSF-1) and purified recombinant murine interleukin-3 (rIL-3) were administered to normal or lactoferrin-pretreated mice 20 to 24 hours before sacrifice. rIL-3 and nCSF-1 administered separately increased the percentage of macrophage high-proliferative potential colony-forming cells (HPP-CFC) and low-proliferative potential colony-forming cells (LPP-CFC) in active cell cycle. Endotoxin was not detected in the samples of nCSF-1 of rIL-3 with the Limulus lysate test, and the in vitro and in vivo hematopoietic stimulatory effects of both molecules were abolished or markedly reduced by 30 minutes' treatment at 100°C, which demonstrates that the effects noted in vivo were not due to endotoxin. Combinations of low concentrations of rIL-3 and nCSF-1, which by themselves were inactive, increased the percentage of HPP-CFC and LPP-CFC in active cell cycle in a synergistic fashion. No significant change in the number of HPP-CFC or LPP-CFC per femur or femoral nucleated cellularity was observed. Thus, rIL-3 and nCSF-1 can synergize to effect the proliferation of the same cell populations in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-403
Number of pages3
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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