The effects of varying alcohol concentrations commonly found in mouth rinses on the force decay of elastomeric chain

Terrah M. Larrabee, Sean Shih Yao Liu, Ariadna Torres-Gorena, Armando Soto-Rojas, George J. Eckert, Kelton T. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations


Objective: To test the effect of alcohol on force decay of elastomeric chains in vitro in order to determine if increasing alcohol concentrations results in an increased amount of elastomeric chain force decay. Materials and Methods: A prospective laboratory study was completed to test the effect of alcohol exposure on orthodontic elastomeric chain. A total of 450 specimens were divided into five test groups. Two test groups were each exposed to different alcohol concentrations (14% and 26.9%) and the other two test groups were exposed to different commercially available mouth rinses (Cēpacol-14% alcohol and Listerine - 26.9% alcohol) for 60 seconds twice a day. The control group followed all of the same procedures but was only exposed to deionized (DI) water. Force measurements were taken at six time points (initial, 1 day, 7 days, 14 days, 21 days, and 28 days). Results: There were no significant differences among groups at the initial time point (P =.52). Statistically significant effects of time on force decay were seen in all groups. All test groups showed significantly more force decay than the control group. Only a few statistically significant differences were observed when comparing force decay among the test groups. Conclusions: Alcohol causes an increase in force decay of elastomeric chain over time. A concentration dependence of alcohol on force decay of elastomeric chain was not observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)894-899
Number of pages6
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012



  • Alcohol
  • Elastomeric chain
  • Force decay
  • Mouth rinse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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