To assess the effectiveness of lateral ovarian transposition in preserving normal ovarian function, the medical records of 200 consecutive women with stage I-IIA cervical cancer treated primarily with radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy were reviewed. Lateral ovarian transposition was performed at the time of radical hysterectomy in 132 (66%) patients and 28 (21%) received postoperative pelvic radiation therapy. Menopausal symptoms (vaginal dryness, hot flushes) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels were used to define ovarian function. Only 3/104 (2.9%) patients who underwent lateral ovarian transposition without postoperative pelvic radiotherapy experienced menopausal symptoms; however, FSH levels in all three cases suggested continued ovarian function. In 14/28 (50%) patients who received postoperative pelvic radiation therapy ovarian failure occurred. The risk of ovarian failure with pelvic radiation therapy after lateral ovarian transposition was significant (RR = 17.3; 95% CI = 5.35-56.13). The incidence of adnexal disease in transposed ovaries requiring analgesics or further surgery was 3%. These data suggest minimal risk to the patient when the ovaries are conserved. Unfortunately, lateral ovarian transposition preserves ovarian function in only 50% of patients undergoing pelvic radiotherapy following radical hysterectomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology