The government of Kenya cash transfer for orphaned and vulnerable children: Cross-sectional comparison of household and individual characteristics of those with and without

David Ayuku, Lonnie Embleton, Julius Koech, Lukoye Atwoli, Liangyuan Hu, Samuel Ayaya, Joseph Hogan, Winstone Nyandiko, Rachel Vreeman, Allan Kamanda, Paula Braitstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The 'Cash Transfer to Orphans and Vulnerable Children' (CT-OVC) in Kenya is a government-supported program intended to provide regular and predictable cash transfers (CT) to poor households taking care of OVC. CT programs can be an effective means of alleviating poverty and facilitating the attainment of an adequate standard of living for people's health and well-being and other international human rights. The objective of this analysis was to compare the household socioeconomic status, school enrolment, nutritional status, and future outlook of orphaned and separated children receiving the CT compared to those not receiving a CT.

Methods. This project analyzes baseline data from a cohort of orphaned and separated children aged

Results: Included in this analysis were data from 1481 children and adolescents in 300 HH (503 participants in CT, 978 in non-CT households). Overall there were 922 (62.3%) single orphans, 324 (21.9%) double orphans, and 210 (14.2%) participants had both parents alive and were living with them. Participants in CT-HH were less likely to have ≥2 pairs of clothes compared to non-CT HH (AOR: 0.32, 95% CI: 0.16-0.63). Those in CT HH were less likely to have missed any days of school in the preceding month (AOR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.42-0.94) and those aged

Conclusions: Children and adolescents in households receiving the CT-OVC appear to have better nutritional status, school attendance, and optimism about the future, compared to those in households not receiving the CT, in spite of some evidence of continued material deprivation. Consideration should be given to expanding the program further.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number25
JournalBMC International Health and Human Rights
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2014

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Orphaned Children
Kenya
Nutritional Status
Government Programs
Clothing
Poverty
Social Class
Parents
Students
Health

Keywords

  • Africa
  • Cash transfer
  • Food security
  • Mental health
  • Nutrition
  • Orphans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The government of Kenya cash transfer for orphaned and vulnerable children : Cross-sectional comparison of household and individual characteristics of those with and without. / Ayuku, David; Embleton, Lonnie; Koech, Julius; Atwoli, Lukoye; Hu, Liangyuan; Ayaya, Samuel; Hogan, Joseph; Nyandiko, Winstone; Vreeman, Rachel; Kamanda, Allan; Braitstein, Paula.

In: BMC International Health and Human Rights, Vol. 14, No. 1, 25, 20.09.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ayuku, David ; Embleton, Lonnie ; Koech, Julius ; Atwoli, Lukoye ; Hu, Liangyuan ; Ayaya, Samuel ; Hogan, Joseph ; Nyandiko, Winstone ; Vreeman, Rachel ; Kamanda, Allan ; Braitstein, Paula. / The government of Kenya cash transfer for orphaned and vulnerable children : Cross-sectional comparison of household and individual characteristics of those with and without. In: BMC International Health and Human Rights. 2014 ; Vol. 14, No. 1.
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