The initial development of endoscopic implantation techniques for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease in the 1980s helped set the stage for current implantation techniques and studies, which now include more than 500 patients. The relative simplicity of these techniques adds to their attraction. Ultimately, multiple factors, including therapeutic efficacy durability, safety, simplicity, and cost-effectiveness, will determine clinical application of these techniques. This article focuses on transoral endoscopic implantation, although surgical, transcutaneous, and other endoscopic routes have been used as well.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America|
|State||Published - Jan 2003|
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