The immediacy hypothesis and response-produced stimuli in schizophrenic speech

Kurt Salzinger, Stephanie Portnoy, David B. Pisoni, Richard S. Feldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Compared speech samples emitted by 10 schizophrenics individually matched with 10 normals and used them to test the validity of the immediacy hypothesis, which states that schizophrenics are primarily controlled by the immediate aspects of their environment, whether response-produced or external. The cloze responses of 230 undergraduates to the verbal samples indicated that schizophrenic speech consists of relatively short strings of words related to one another, while in normal speech the dependency of 1 word on another holds over longer spans. Results are interpreted to mean that schizophrenics have a greater tendency than normals to be controlled by immediate stimuli (in this case, response-produced), thus providing further evidence for the immediacy hypothesis. (20 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-264
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1970


  • speech, control by immediate environmental aspects, use of cloze technique, schizophrenics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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