Compared speech samples emitted by 10 schizophrenics individually matched with 10 normals and used them to test the validity of the immediacy hypothesis, which states that schizophrenics are primarily controlled by the immediate aspects of their environment, whether response-produced or external. The cloze responses of 230 undergraduates to the verbal samples indicated that schizophrenic speech consists of relatively short strings of words related to one another, while in normal speech the dependency of 1 word on another holds over longer spans. Results are interpreted to mean that schizophrenics have a greater tendency than normals to be controlled by immediate stimuli (in this case, response-produced), thus providing further evidence for the immediacy hypothesis. (20 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- speech, control by immediate environmental aspects, use of cloze technique, schizophrenics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Biological Psychiatry