More than 350 patients with testicular germ cell cancer have been treated with cisplatin combination chemotherapy. Seventy-two with metastases to the thorax who had operation are discussed here. In a subgroup of 24 patients with additional retroperitoneal disease, a one-stage median sternotomy was performed in 18 patients, and a thoracotomy in 6, with retroperitoneal node dissection. Seventeen patients had similar pathological lesions in the thorax and retroperitoneum; in 7, the lesions differed. There was no operative mortality in the entire group. Overall, chemotherapy altered the metastases to mature teratoma in 28 patients, and 27 are long-term survivors. Among 22 patients with fibrotic, necrotic masses, 19 are long-term survivors; 6 of the 22 with persistent carcinoma had chemotherapy postoperatively and are long-term survivors. The overall cure rate for patients with disseminated testicular cancer is approximately 80%. Among those who had a one-stage thoracoretroperitoneal procedure, long-term survival is 83%; for the entire thoracic surgical group, it is 74%.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine