The importance of risk of neoplasm as an outcome in cytologic-histologic correlation studies on thyroid fine needle aspiration

Yu Hsin Chen, Kristen L. Partyka, Rae Dougherty, Harvey M. Cramer, Howard H. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The introduction of noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) altered the practice of thyroid pathology and reduced the risk of malignancy (ROM) associated with the indeterminate categories in the Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology (TBSRTC). It has been proposed that the evaluation of the risk of neoplasm (RON) is important in cytologic-histologic correlation studies. Methods: A total of 5224 thyroid aspirates were performed at our institution during an 8-year period. Of the 1475 cases (28%) with surgical follow-up, the histologic diagnoses comprised benign non-neoplastic (BNN, n = 669), follicular adenoma (FA, n = 188), NIFTP (n = 42), papillary microcarcinoma (PMC) (n = 223), and malignant neoplasm excluding PMC (n = 353). The RON was calculated to include neoplasia with low risk biologic behavior (FA, NIFTP, PMC) and malignant neoplasms. In contrast, the ROM was reserved for malignant neoplasms excluding PMC. Results: The RON for each TBSRTC category was: nondiagnostic (ND) 38.3%, benign 20.9%, atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) 63.2%, follicular neoplasm or suspicious for follicular neoplasm (FN/SFN) 83.9%, suspicious for malignancy (SFM) 94%, and malignant 100%. The ROM excluding PMC was: ND 14%, benign 1.6%, AUS/FLUS 17.8%, FN/SFN 28.4%, SFM 84.4%, and malignant 99.5%. Conclusions: The RON and ROM support the recommended management guidelines from TBSRTC for all categories, except for FN/SFN. Histopathologic follow-up of FN/SFN aspirates in our study contain a very high rate of neoplasm (83.9%), which might support the management preference of conservative surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDiagnostic Cytopathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • cytology
  • noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP)
  • risk of malignancy (ROM)
  • risk of neoplasm
  • the Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology (TBSRTC)
  • thyroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology

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