The in vitro and in vivo effects of stem cell factor on human hematopoiesis

Ronald Hoffman, Jie Tong, John Brandt, Christie Traycoff, Edward Bruno, Edward F. Srour, Michael S. Gordon, Brian W. Mcguire, Ian Mcniece

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations


The c‐kit ligand or stem cell factor (SCF) and the c‐kit ligand receptor (KR) are thought to play pivotal roles in the regulation of human hematopoiesis. When added to interleukin 3 (IL‐3) and/or granulocyte‐macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM‐CSF), SCF has an especially profound effect on the in vitro proliferation of several classes of primitive hematopoietic progenitor cells including the burst forming unit megakaryocyte (BFU‐MK), the high proliferative potential colony forming cell (HPP‐CFC) and the long‐term bone marrow culture‐initiating cell (LTBMC‐IC). These primitive hematopoietic progenitor cells are present in a CD34+HLA‐DR fraction of marrow which has in vivo marrow populating ability and thereby resembles the pluripotent hematopoietic stem cell. Furthermore, the CD34+HLA‐DR marrow subpopulation which expresses KR contains virtually all of the marrow BFU‐MK, HPP‐CFC and LTBMC‐IC, indicating that the human stem cell is KR positive. The addition of SCF, IL‐3 and GM‐CSF to suspension cultures initiated with CD34+HLA‐DR cells results in an exponential expansion of the numbers of hematopoietic progenitor cells. Large numbers of such progenitor cells generated ex vivo may be useful as transfusion products for the treatment of chemotherapy induced cytopenias. The therapeutic potential of the in vivo administration of SCF has also been evaluated in a phase I trial of recombinant methionyl SCF. SCF administration led to an increase in both differentiated and primitive hematopoietic progenitor cells within the marrow. Such studies suggest that in vivo SCF administration may be useful for improving the quality of bone marrow grafts to be used either for autologous or allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. SCF therefore appears to be a pivotal cytokine within the regulatory framework of human hematopoiesis which has potentially important clinical uses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-82
Number of pages7
Issue number2 S
StatePublished - Jul 1993


  • Clinical trials
  • Hematopoietic stem cells
  • Stem cell factor
  • c‐kit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Hoffman, R., Tong, J., Brandt, J., Traycoff, C., Bruno, E., Srour, E. F., Gordon, M. S., Mcguire, B. W., & Mcniece, I. (1993). The in vitro and in vivo effects of stem cell factor on human hematopoiesis. STEM CELLS, 11(2 S), 76-82.