The incidence of adynamic ileus in postcesarean patients: Patient- controlled analgesia versus intramuscular analgesia

J. A. LaRosa, R. M. Saywell, T. W. Zollinger, T. L. Oser, B. K. Erner, E. McClain

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    16 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    With the current clinical popularity of patient-controlled analgesia pumps (PCAP) in postoperative pain management, it is prudent to be aware of the possible risk of adynamic ileus formation from intravenous narcotic administration. We hypothesized that prolonged PCAP exposure could delay bowel motility and increase postoperative morbidity. After stringent exclusionary parameters were met, we retrospectively analyzed 170 postcesarean patients who received PCAP medication and compared data with 171 postcesarean patients who received traditional intramuscular (IM) administration. The degree of adynamic ileus formation of moderate and severe intensity was higher in PCAP users (21.8%) vs. IM users (13.5%), P = .02. There was no significant difference in the average cumulative amount of analgesic administered during the first 24 postoperative hours for PCAP (442.2 mg) vs. IM (397.7 mg), reflecting that the mode of narcotic delivery is responsible for ileus formation rather than the dosage. Type of postoperative diet and speed of diet advancement were also factored into the analysis and did not statistically influence the results. We conclude that PCAP usage may increase the morbidity risk for adynamic ileus formation, and that usage should be accompanied with close monitoring of bowel motility.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)293-300
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist
    Volume38
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - May 11 1993

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Reproductive Medicine
    • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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