The indiana faces in places test: Preliminary findings on a new visuospatial memory test in patients with mild cognitive impairment

Leigh J. Beglinger, Kevin Duff, David J. Moser, Stephen A. Cross, David A. Kareken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Memory assessment is an important component of a neuropsychological evaluation, but far fewer visual than verbal memory instruments are available. We examined the preliminary psychometric properties and clinical utility of a novel, motor-free paper and pencil visuospatial memory test, the Indiana faces in places test (IFIPT). The IFIPT and general neuropsychological performance were assessed in 36 adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and 113 older adults with no cognitive impairment at baseline, 1 week, and 1 year. The IFIPT is a visual memory test with 10 faces paired with spatial locations (three learning trials and non-cued delayed recall). Results showed that MCI participants scored lower than controls on several variables, most notably total learning (p <. 001 at all three time points), delayed recall (baseline p =. 03, 1 week p <. 001, 1 year p <. 001), and false-positive errors (range p =. 03 to <0.001). The IFIPT showed similar test-retest reliability at 1-week and 1-year follow-up to other neuropsychological tests (r = 0.71-0.84 for MCI and 0.53-0.72 for controls). Diagnostic accuracy was modest for this sample (areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve between 0.64 and 0.66). Preliminary psychometric analyses support further study of the IFIPT. The measure showed evidence of clinical utility by demonstrating group differences between this sample of healthy adults and those with MCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607-618
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2009

Keywords

  • Face memory
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Test-retest reliability
  • Visual memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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