The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study: Evaluation of cataract morphology in eyes with monocular cataracts

M. Edward Wilson, Rupal H. Trivedi, David G. Morrison, Scott R. Lambert, Edward G. Buckley, David A. Plager, Michael J. Lynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To describe a video-documented assessment of cataract type in the eyes of patients with monocular infantile cataract who were enrolled in the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study. Methods: The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study is a randomized clinical trial in which the investigators compared intraocular lens (IOL) versus contact lens correction in 114 infants, aged 28 days to <7 months. A total of 83 videos were available for morphological analysis of cataract. Three examiners reviewed all surgical recordings and agreed on the cataract characteristics by using a score sheet to record the lens layer or configuration of the opacity. Results: Nuclear cataract was present in 45 of 83 eyes (54%). Posterior capsule plaque was observed in 73 eyes (88%). All eyes with fetal nuclear cataract had associated posterior capsule plaque. Cortical cataract without nuclear involvement was seen in 21 eyes (25%). Posterior bowing of the posterior capsule was noted in 4 eyes (5%). Evidence of persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) was present in 18 eyes (22%). PFV was the only finding in 5 eyes but was also seen in combination with nuclear (7 eyes) and cortical cataracts (6 eyes). The entire lens was white in 3 eyes (4%), whereas the lens was partially resorbed in 7 (8%) eyes. Anterior capsule fibrosis was noted in 5 eyes with advanced cataract (1 with total cataract, 4 with partially resorbed lens). Conclusions: Nuclear opacities were common, but many different cataract types presented in infancy. PFV occurred in isolation or in association with cataract. Posterior capsule plaque was frequently noted, especially when a nuclear cataract was present.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-426
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of AAPOS
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Ophthalmology

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    Wilson, M. E., Trivedi, R. H., Morrison, D. G., Lambert, S. R., Buckley, E. G., Plager, D. A., & Lynn, M. J. (2011). The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study: Evaluation of cataract morphology in eyes with monocular cataracts. Journal of AAPOS, 15(5), 421-426. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2011.05.016