Pure murine colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) was assessed for its effects in vivo in mice pretreated seven days earlier with a sublethal dosage of cyclophosphamide. The multipotential (CFU-GEMM), erythroid (BFU-E), and granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) progenitor cells in these mice were in a slowly cycling or noncycling state. Intravenous administration of 20,000 units of CSF-1 to these mice stimulated the hematopoietic progenitors into a rapidly cycling state in the marrow and spleen within three hours. Significant increases in absolute numbers of marrow and spleen CFU-GM and spleen BFU-E and CFU-GEMM were also detected. No endotoxin was detected in the CSF-1 preparation by Limulus lysate assay, and treatment of CSF-1 at 100°C for 20 to 30 minutes completely inactivated the in vitro and in vivo stimulating effects. The effects of CSF-1 were not mimicked by the in vivo administration of 0.1 to 10 ng Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide. These results suggest that the effects of CSF-1 in vivo were not due to contaminating endotoxin or to a nonspecific protein effect. CSF-1 did not enhance colony formation by BFU-E or stimulate colony formation by CFU-GEMM in vitro, thus suggesting that at least some of the effects of CSF-1 noted in vivo are probably indirect and mediated by accessory cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jun 16 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology