The maternal body mass index: A strong association with delivery route

Michelle A. Kominiarek, Paul Vanveldhuisen, Judith Hibbard, Helain Landy, Shoshana Haberman, Lee Learman, Isabelle Wilkins, Jennifer Bailit, Ware Branch, Ronald Burkman, Victor Hugo Gonzalez-Quintero, Kimberly Gregory, Christos Hatjis, Matthew Hoffman, Mildred Ramirez, Uma M. Reddy, James Troendle, Jun Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Scopus citations


Objective: We sought to assess body mass index (BMI) effect on cesarean risk during labor. Study Design: The Consortium on Safe Labor collected electronic data from 228,668 deliveries. Women with singletons <37 weeks and known BMI at labor admission were analyzed in this cohort study. Regression analysis generated relative risks for cesarean stratifying for parity and prior cesarean while controlling for covariates. Results: Of the 124,389 women, 14.0% had cesareans. Cesareans increased with increasing BMI for nulliparas and multiparas with and without a prior cesarean. Repeat cesareans were performed in >50% of laboring women with a BMI >40 kg/m2. The risk for cesarean increased as BMI increased for all subgroups, P < .001. The risk for cesarean increased by 5%, 2%, and 5% for nulliparas and multiparas with and without a prior cesarean, respectively, for each 1-kg/m2 increase in BMI. Conclusion: Admission BMI is significantly associated with delivery route in term laboring women. Parity and prior cesarean are other important predictors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264.e1-264.e7
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2010



  • body mass index
  • cesarean delivery
  • obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Kominiarek, M. A., Vanveldhuisen, P., Hibbard, J., Landy, H., Haberman, S., Learman, L., Wilkins, I., Bailit, J., Branch, W., Burkman, R., Gonzalez-Quintero, V. H., Gregory, K., Hatjis, C., Hoffman, M., Ramirez, M., Reddy, U. M., Troendle, J., & Zhang, J. (2010). The maternal body mass index: A strong association with delivery route. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 203(3), 264.e1-264.e7.