The Mayo-Portland Participation Index: A brief and psychometrically sound measure of brain injury outcome

James F. Malec

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations


Malec JF. The Mayo-Portland Participation Index: a brief and psychometrically sound measure of brain injury outcome. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004;85:1989-96. Objective To evaluate the internal consistency, interrater agreement, concurrent validity, and floor and ceiling effects of the 8-item Participation Index (M2PI) of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI). Design M2PI data derived from MPAIs completed independently by the people with acquired brain injury undergoing evaluation, their significant others, and rehabilitation staff were submitted to Rasch Facets analysis to determine the internal consistency of each independent rater group and of composite measures that combined rater groups. Correlations with the full-scale MPAI were examined to assess concurrent validity, as was interrater agreement. Setting Outpatient rehabilitation in academic physical medicine and rehabilitation department. Participants People with acquired brain injury (N=134) consecutively seen for evaluation, significant others, and evaluating staff. Interventions Not applicable. Main outcome measures The MPAI and M2PI. Results The M2PI showed satisfactory internal consistency, concurrent validity, interrater agreement, and minimal floor and ceiling effects, although evidence of rater bias was also apparent. Composite indices showed more desirable psychometric properties than ratings by individual rater groups. Conclusions The M2PI, particularly in composite indices and with attention to rater biases, provides an outcome measure with satisfactory psychometric qualities and the potential to represent the varying perspectives of people with acquired brain injury, significant others, and rehabilitation staff.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1989-1996
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004


  • Brain injuries
  • Rehabilitation
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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