The mechanism of inhibition of collagenase by TIMP-1

Kenneth B. Taylor, L. Jack Windsor, Nancy C.M. Caterina, M. Kirby Bodden, Jeffrey A. Engler

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32 Scopus citations


Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-I (TIMP-1) is a slow, tight- binding inhibitor of fibroblast-type collagenase. Time-course data from inhibition experiments were analyzed by graphic analysis, by nonlinear regression of the analytic integrals of the rate equations and by nonlinear regression with numeric integration of the rate equations. With the same assumptions, approximations and data, all three methods of analysis produced the same model preferences and values for the kinetic parameters. The time- course data for the inhibition of fibroblast-type collagenase by TIMP-1 are best described by the equations for a noncompetitive two-step mechanism, in which an inactive, rapidly formed, reversible complex slowly forms an inactive, tight complex. However, from the analysis of data from experiments at concentrations of TIMP-1 comparable to that of collagenase, it is apparent that free TIMP-1 also functions in the breakdown of the tight complex. The rapidly formed complex has a dissociation constant of 8 nM and reacts to the tight complex with a first-order rate constant of 0.003 s-1. The back reaction of the tight complex to the rapid complex has a second-order rate constant of 5 x 104 M-1 s-1. The resulting global dissociation constant of the tight complex is 0.1 nM at 3 nM TIMP-1 and collagenase concentration. Collagenase without the carboxyl-terminal domain (mini-collagenase) is inhibited by TIMP-1 according to a mechanism, in which the rapidly formed complex has such a high dissociation constant (247 nM) that it effectively constitutes a one-step mechanism, in which TIMP-1 binds with an apparent second-order rate constant of 9.6 x 104 mol-1 s-1 and the enzyme-TIMP-1 complex dissociates with a first order rate constant of 0.00026 s-1. The apparent global dissociation constant for the tight complex (2.7 nM) is higher than that for the fibroblast-type collagenase. Participation of TIMP- 1 in the dissociation is not demonstrable. Therefore, the carboxyl-terminal domain of fibroblast-type collagenase is important for the initial, rapid binding of TIMP-1 and the initial complex contributes to the overall binding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23938-23945
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number39
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Taylor, K. B., Jack Windsor, L., Caterina, N. C. M., Kirby Bodden, M., & Engler, J. A. (1996). The mechanism of inhibition of collagenase by TIMP-1. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 271(39), 23938-23945.