The novel aldehyde dehydrogenase gene, ALDH5, encodes an active aldehyde dehydrogenase enzyme

Mark J. Stewart, Kevin Malek, Qing Xiao, Katrina M. Dipple, David W. Crabb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mRNA for the novel aldehyde dehydrogenase 5 (ALDH5) gene was detected in HuH7 hepatoma cells. The cells also expressed cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH1) mRNA, but no mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) mRNA. Extracts of the hepatoma cells contained an enzymatic activity with an isoelectric point similar to that of ALDH1. This enzyme activity was insensitive to inhibition by of ALDH1. The enzyme was active with short chain aldehydes (acetaldehyde and propionaldehyde) and NAD+, but not with NADP+, and the activity was higher in the mitochondrial pellet than other cell fractions. These studies demonstrate the expression of ALDH5 mRNA in a human hepatoma and suggest that the gene product is enzymatically active and probably resides in the mitochondria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-151
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume211
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 6 1995

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Aldehyde Dehydrogenase
Genes
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Messenger RNA
Enzymes
Enzyme inhibition
Mitochondria
Acetaldehyde
Isoelectric Point
Enzyme activity
Cell Extracts
NADP
Aldehydes
NAD
aldehyde dehydrogenase 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

The novel aldehyde dehydrogenase gene, ALDH5, encodes an active aldehyde dehydrogenase enzyme. / Stewart, Mark J.; Malek, Kevin; Xiao, Qing; Dipple, Katrina M.; Crabb, David W.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 211, No. 1, 06.06.1995, p. 144-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stewart, Mark J. ; Malek, Kevin ; Xiao, Qing ; Dipple, Katrina M. ; Crabb, David W. / The novel aldehyde dehydrogenase gene, ALDH5, encodes an active aldehyde dehydrogenase enzyme. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 1995 ; Vol. 211, No. 1. pp. 144-151.
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