The oral side of Sjögren syndrome. Diagnosis and treatment. A review

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70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sjögren syndrome (SS) is an inflammatory disease of the exocrine glands. Although not always present, signs and symptoms of dry eyes and xerostomia are characteristic features of SS. Oral dryness is one of the most important data of patients with SS. Several sets of criteria have been published; however, there is no definitive agreement concerning which is the most useful. In addition to its various clinical manifestations, lack of understanding of the causes of SS delays prompt diagnosis. Histologically, the salivary gland shows a characteristic lymphocytic infiltrate, which is implicated in the destruction of gland cells. Saliva performs an important role in maintaining and protecting oral health. Deficient quality and quantity of saliva have a detrimental consequence for dental and oral health. In some patients, appropriate information regarding dry mouth care is not offered because most professionals either neglect or ignore adequate attention to oral health. Therefore, lack of treatment is frequent. Medical and dental studies that focus on the oral aspects of diagnosis, consequences, and treatment of SS are commented on. Diagnostic methods used for the oral component are also reviewed. The role of the oral tests developed to diagnose SS is assessed, especially tests used by the majority of criteria. Impairment of salivary secretion increases the risk of developing oral diseases; the therapeutic modalities designed to ameliorate these damages by increasing salivary output or by substitution of saliva are reviewed. We discuss published prevention techniques to diminish dental, periodontal, and soft tissue infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-106
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Medical Research
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Keywords

  • Autoantibodies
  • Dental treatment
  • Diagnosis
  • Lip biopsy
  • Prevention
  • Sjögren syndrome
  • Xerostomia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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