The orexin-1 receptor antagonist SB-334867 reduces alcohol relapse drinking, but not alcohol-seeking, in alcohol-preferring (P) rats

Ronnie Dhaher, Sheketha R. Hauser, Bruk Getachew, Richard L. Bell, William J. McBride, David L. McKinzie, Zachary A. Rodd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Principle: The orexin system has been hypothesized to regulate drug-seeking and drug self-administration behaviors, including eth- anol (EtOH) seeking and consumption. However, studies on the effects of orexin receptor antagonists have not been conducted on robust alcohol-relapse behavior. Objectives: This study assessed the effects of the orexin-1 receptor antagonist, SB-334867, on alcohol-seeking behavior and responding for alcohol under relapse conditions. Methods: Adult alcohol-preferring (P) rats self-trained in 2-lever operant chambers to administer 15% EtOH (vol/vol) on a fixed- ratio-5 and water on a fixed-ratio-1 schedule of reinforcement. After 10 weeks, rats underwent extinction training for 7 sessions. Animals were then maintained in their home cages for 2 weeks before being tested for Pavlovian Spontaneous Recovery (PSR; a measure of alcohol seeking) for 4 sessions. Rats were then allowed a week in their home cages before being returned to the operant chamber with access to EtOH and water (relapse). Thirty minutes before the PSR and relapse test sessions, rats received 0, 10, or 20 mg/kg SB- 334867. Results: Responses on the EtOH lever during the first PSR test session were ∼70 presses/session (3-fold higher than baseline); SB-334867 did not alter responses on the EtOH lever. Under relapse conditions, P rats increased responding on the EtOH lever from 250 (at baseline) to 350 responses/session; both doses of SD-334867 prevented this increase. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that activation of orexin-1 receptors is not involved in intrinsically initiated EtOH seeking, but may regulate the consummatory behavior of EtOH consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-159
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Addiction Medicine
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Alcohol relapse
  • Alcohol seeking
  • Ethanol reinforcement
  • Pavlovian spontaneous recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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