The Platelet-activating Factor Receptor Protects Epidermal Cells from Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) α and TNF-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand-induced Apoptosis through an NF-κB-dependent Process

Michael D. Southall, Jason S. Isenberg, Harikrishna Nakshatri, Qiaofang Yi, Yong Pei, Dan Spandau, Jeffrey Travers

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of chemical mediators can induce human keratinocytes and epidermal-derived carcinomas to undergo apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Recent evidence suggests pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1β or transforming growth factor α, protects carcinomas from numerous pro-apoptotic stimuli. Platelet-activating factor (1-alkyl-2-acetyl-3-glycerophosphocholine; PAF) is a lipid mediator with pro-inflammatory effects on numerous cell types. Although PAF can be metabolized to other bioactive lipids, the majority of PAF effects occur through activation of a G protein-coupled receptor. Using a model system created by retroviral transduction of the PAF receptor (PAF-R) into the PAF-R-negative human epidermal cell line KB and the PAF-R-expressing keratinocyte cell line HaCaT, we now demonstrate that activation of the epidermal PAF-R results in protection from apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α or TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand. The PAF-mediated protection was inhibited by PAF-R antagonists, and protection did not occur in PAF-R-negative KB cells. Additionally, we show protection from TNFα- or TRAIL-induced apoptosis by PAF-R activation is dependent on the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)κB, because PAF-R activation-induced NF-κB and epidermal cells transduced with a super-repressor form of inhibitor κB were not protected by the PAF-R. These studies provide a mechanism whereby the epidermal PAF-R, and possibly other G protein-coupled receptors, can exert anti-apoptotic effects through an NFκB-dependent process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45548-45554
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 7 2001

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Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Apoptosis
Ligands
Chemical activation
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Keratinocytes
Cells
Carcinoma
Lipids
KB Cells
platelet activating factor receptor
Cell Line
Platelet Activating Factor
Transforming Growth Factors
Cell death
Interleukin-1
Cell Death
Transcription Factors
Cytokines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "The Platelet-activating Factor Receptor Protects Epidermal Cells from Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) α and TNF-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand-induced Apoptosis through an NF-κB-dependent Process",
abstract = "A number of chemical mediators can induce human keratinocytes and epidermal-derived carcinomas to undergo apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Recent evidence suggests pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1β or transforming growth factor α, protects carcinomas from numerous pro-apoptotic stimuli. Platelet-activating factor (1-alkyl-2-acetyl-3-glycerophosphocholine; PAF) is a lipid mediator with pro-inflammatory effects on numerous cell types. Although PAF can be metabolized to other bioactive lipids, the majority of PAF effects occur through activation of a G protein-coupled receptor. Using a model system created by retroviral transduction of the PAF receptor (PAF-R) into the PAF-R-negative human epidermal cell line KB and the PAF-R-expressing keratinocyte cell line HaCaT, we now demonstrate that activation of the epidermal PAF-R results in protection from apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α or TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand. The PAF-mediated protection was inhibited by PAF-R antagonists, and protection did not occur in PAF-R-negative KB cells. Additionally, we show protection from TNFα- or TRAIL-induced apoptosis by PAF-R activation is dependent on the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)κB, because PAF-R activation-induced NF-κB and epidermal cells transduced with a super-repressor form of inhibitor κB were not protected by the PAF-R. These studies provide a mechanism whereby the epidermal PAF-R, and possibly other G protein-coupled receptors, can exert anti-apoptotic effects through an NFκB-dependent process.",
author = "Southall, {Michael D.} and Isenberg, {Jason S.} and Harikrishna Nakshatri and Qiaofang Yi and Yong Pei and Dan Spandau and Jeffrey Travers",
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T1 - The Platelet-activating Factor Receptor Protects Epidermal Cells from Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) α and TNF-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand-induced Apoptosis through an NF-κB-dependent Process

AU - Southall, Michael D.

AU - Isenberg, Jason S.

AU - Nakshatri, Harikrishna

AU - Yi, Qiaofang

AU - Pei, Yong

AU - Spandau, Dan

AU - Travers, Jeffrey

PY - 2001/12/7

Y1 - 2001/12/7

N2 - A number of chemical mediators can induce human keratinocytes and epidermal-derived carcinomas to undergo apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Recent evidence suggests pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1β or transforming growth factor α, protects carcinomas from numerous pro-apoptotic stimuli. Platelet-activating factor (1-alkyl-2-acetyl-3-glycerophosphocholine; PAF) is a lipid mediator with pro-inflammatory effects on numerous cell types. Although PAF can be metabolized to other bioactive lipids, the majority of PAF effects occur through activation of a G protein-coupled receptor. Using a model system created by retroviral transduction of the PAF receptor (PAF-R) into the PAF-R-negative human epidermal cell line KB and the PAF-R-expressing keratinocyte cell line HaCaT, we now demonstrate that activation of the epidermal PAF-R results in protection from apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α or TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand. The PAF-mediated protection was inhibited by PAF-R antagonists, and protection did not occur in PAF-R-negative KB cells. Additionally, we show protection from TNFα- or TRAIL-induced apoptosis by PAF-R activation is dependent on the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)κB, because PAF-R activation-induced NF-κB and epidermal cells transduced with a super-repressor form of inhibitor κB were not protected by the PAF-R. These studies provide a mechanism whereby the epidermal PAF-R, and possibly other G protein-coupled receptors, can exert anti-apoptotic effects through an NFκB-dependent process.

AB - A number of chemical mediators can induce human keratinocytes and epidermal-derived carcinomas to undergo apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Recent evidence suggests pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1β or transforming growth factor α, protects carcinomas from numerous pro-apoptotic stimuli. Platelet-activating factor (1-alkyl-2-acetyl-3-glycerophosphocholine; PAF) is a lipid mediator with pro-inflammatory effects on numerous cell types. Although PAF can be metabolized to other bioactive lipids, the majority of PAF effects occur through activation of a G protein-coupled receptor. Using a model system created by retroviral transduction of the PAF receptor (PAF-R) into the PAF-R-negative human epidermal cell line KB and the PAF-R-expressing keratinocyte cell line HaCaT, we now demonstrate that activation of the epidermal PAF-R results in protection from apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α or TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand. The PAF-mediated protection was inhibited by PAF-R antagonists, and protection did not occur in PAF-R-negative KB cells. Additionally, we show protection from TNFα- or TRAIL-induced apoptosis by PAF-R activation is dependent on the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)κB, because PAF-R activation-induced NF-κB and epidermal cells transduced with a super-repressor form of inhibitor κB were not protected by the PAF-R. These studies provide a mechanism whereby the epidermal PAF-R, and possibly other G protein-coupled receptors, can exert anti-apoptotic effects through an NFκB-dependent process.

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