The potential of saliva in protecting against dental erosion

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Saliva is the most relevant biological factor for the prevention of dental erosion. It starts acting even before the acid attack, with an increase of the salivary flow rate as a response to the acidic stimuli. This creates a more favorable scenario, improving the buffering system of saliva and effectively diluting and clearing acids that come in contact with dental surfaces during the erosive challenge. Saliva plays a role in the formation of the acquired dental pellicle, a perm-selective membrane that prevents the contact of the acid with the tooth surfaces. Due to its mineral content, saliva can prevent demineralization as well as enhance remineralization. These protective properties may become more evident in hyposalivatory patients. Finally, saliva may also represent the biological expression of an individual's risk for developing erosive lesions; therefore, some of the saliva components as well as of the acquired dental pellicle can serve as potential biomarkers for dental erosion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationErosive Tooth Wear
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Diagnosis to Therapy
PublisherS. Karger AG
Pages197-205
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9783318025521
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Publication series

NameMonographs in Oral Science
Volume25
ISSN (Print)0077-0892
ISSN (Electronic)1662-3843

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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    Hara, A. T., & Zero, D. T. (2014). The potential of saliva in protecting against dental erosion. In Erosive Tooth Wear: From Diagnosis to Therapy (pp. 197-205). (Monographs in Oral Science; Vol. 25). S. Karger AG. https://doi.org/10.1159/000360372