This study reports the 11-year to 15-year results of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty with an emphasis on failure mechanisms and progression of patellofemoral arthrosis. In a prospective study of 513 consecutive potential knee replacement candidates, 59 patients (12%) had medial unicompartmental arthroplasty of the knee. All 59 patients had isolated unicompartmental disease without clinical symptoms or radiographic evidence of patellofemoral arthritis. No patient was lost to followup. The average followup was 13 years (range, 11-15 years). The mean preoperative Hospital for Special Surgery knee score of 55 points (range, 30-79 points) improved to a mean of 90 points (range, 60-100 points) at final followup. Patellofemoral symptoms were present in 1.6% of patients at 10 years; this increased markedly to 10% of patients at 15 years (p < 0.01). Four patients (10%) had moderate or severe patellofemoral symptoms at final followup; two were revised to a primary total knee replacement at 7 and 11 years for progressive patellofemoral degeneration. No component was radiographically loose and no osteolysis was seen. The Kaplan-Meier survival with loosening or revision for any reason was 98.0% ± 2.0% at 10 years and 95.7% ± 4.3% at 15 years. At up to 15 years, unicompartmental knee arthroplasty yielded good clinical results; however, progressive patellofemoral arthritis was the primary mode of failure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical orthopaedics and related research|
|State||Published - Nov 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine