The relationship between facial affect recognition and cognitive functioning after traumatic brain injury

Jackki Yim, Duncan R. Babbage, Barbra Zupan, Dawn Neumann, Barry Willer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primary objective: There is considerable evidence suggesting facial affect recognition and cognitive functions are impaired in many people with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, little is known about the relationship between these two domains in the TBI population. Research design: This study investigated the relationship between facial affect recognition and cognitive functioning in 75 adults with moderate-to-severe TBI. Methods and procedures: Participants were administered three facial affect recognition tests and a computerized cognitive test battery that assessed seven cognitive domains. Main outcomes and results: Deficits in facial affect recognition were significantly correlated with impairments in non-verbal memory, working memory, speed of processing, verbal memory and verbal delayed memory. No significant relationship was found between executive dysfunction and facial affect recognition impairments. Non-verbal memory, working memory and speed of processing significantly predicted overall facial affect recognition performance. Conclusions: It is concluded that impairment in several cognitive processes may contribute to facial affect recognition deficits in TBI, in particular non-verbal memory, working memory and speed of processing. Furthermore, executive functioning may not be a critical factor in facial affect recognition, but would most likely be important in deciding what to do once facial affect is perceived.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1155-1161
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Injury
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

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Short-Term Memory
Repression (Psychology)
Recognition (Psychology)
Traumatic Brain Injury
Cognition
Impairment
Processing Speed
Working Memory
Research Design
Population
Verbal Memory
Cognitive Processes
Battery
Cognitive Function

Keywords

  • Affect
  • Cognitive functioning
  • Emotion
  • Facial affect
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

The relationship between facial affect recognition and cognitive functioning after traumatic brain injury. / Yim, Jackki; Babbage, Duncan R.; Zupan, Barbra; Neumann, Dawn; Willer, Barry.

In: Brain Injury, Vol. 27, No. 10, 2013, p. 1155-1161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yim, Jackki ; Babbage, Duncan R. ; Zupan, Barbra ; Neumann, Dawn ; Willer, Barry. / The relationship between facial affect recognition and cognitive functioning after traumatic brain injury. In: Brain Injury. 2013 ; Vol. 27, No. 10. pp. 1155-1161.
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