The relationship between the superior petrosal sinus and the porus trigeminus

An anatomical study

R. Shane Tubbs, Martin M. Mortazavi, Sanjay Krishnamurthy, Ketan Verma, Christoph J. Griessenauer, Aaron Cohen-Gadol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Object: During intracranial approaches to the skull base, vascular relationships are important. One relationship that has received scant attention in the literature is that between the superior petrosal sinus (SPS) and the opening of the Meckel cave (that is, the porus trigeminus). Methods: Cadaver dissections were performed in 25 latex-injected adult cadaveric heads (50 sides). Specifically, the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave was observed. The goal was to enhance knowledge of the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave. Results: of the 50 sides, 68%, 18%, and 16% of SPSs traveled superior to, inferior to, and around the opening to the Meckel cave, respectively. In the latter cases, a venous ring was formed around the proximal trigeminal nerve. No sinus entered the Meckel cave. In general, the porus trigeminus was narrowed on sides found to have an SPS that encircled this region. Sinuses that traveled only inferior to the porus were in general smaller than sinuses that traveled superior or encircled this opening. No statistically significant differences were noted between the various sinus relationships and sex, age, or side of the head. Conclusions: Knowledge of the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave may be useful to the skull base surgeon. Based on this study, some individuals may retain the early embryonic position of their SPS in relation to the trigeminal nerve.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1221-1225
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Volume119
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

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Trigeminal Nerve
Skull Base
Head
Latex
Cadaver
Blood Vessels
Dissection
Surgeons

Keywords

  • Anatomy
  • Cadaver dissection
  • Neurosurgery
  • Skull base
  • Superior petrosal sinus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

Cite this

The relationship between the superior petrosal sinus and the porus trigeminus : An anatomical study. / Tubbs, R. Shane; Mortazavi, Martin M.; Krishnamurthy, Sanjay; Verma, Ketan; Griessenauer, Christoph J.; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron.

In: Journal of Neurosurgery, Vol. 119, No. 5, 11.2013, p. 1221-1225.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tubbs, R. Shane ; Mortazavi, Martin M. ; Krishnamurthy, Sanjay ; Verma, Ketan ; Griessenauer, Christoph J. ; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron. / The relationship between the superior petrosal sinus and the porus trigeminus : An anatomical study. In: Journal of Neurosurgery. 2013 ; Vol. 119, No. 5. pp. 1221-1225.
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abstract = "Object: During intracranial approaches to the skull base, vascular relationships are important. One relationship that has received scant attention in the literature is that between the superior petrosal sinus (SPS) and the opening of the Meckel cave (that is, the porus trigeminus). Methods: Cadaver dissections were performed in 25 latex-injected adult cadaveric heads (50 sides). Specifically, the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave was observed. The goal was to enhance knowledge of the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave. Results: of the 50 sides, 68{\%}, 18{\%}, and 16{\%} of SPSs traveled superior to, inferior to, and around the opening to the Meckel cave, respectively. In the latter cases, a venous ring was formed around the proximal trigeminal nerve. No sinus entered the Meckel cave. In general, the porus trigeminus was narrowed on sides found to have an SPS that encircled this region. Sinuses that traveled only inferior to the porus were in general smaller than sinuses that traveled superior or encircled this opening. No statistically significant differences were noted between the various sinus relationships and sex, age, or side of the head. Conclusions: Knowledge of the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave may be useful to the skull base surgeon. Based on this study, some individuals may retain the early embryonic position of their SPS in relation to the trigeminal nerve.",
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N2 - Object: During intracranial approaches to the skull base, vascular relationships are important. One relationship that has received scant attention in the literature is that between the superior petrosal sinus (SPS) and the opening of the Meckel cave (that is, the porus trigeminus). Methods: Cadaver dissections were performed in 25 latex-injected adult cadaveric heads (50 sides). Specifically, the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave was observed. The goal was to enhance knowledge of the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave. Results: of the 50 sides, 68%, 18%, and 16% of SPSs traveled superior to, inferior to, and around the opening to the Meckel cave, respectively. In the latter cases, a venous ring was formed around the proximal trigeminal nerve. No sinus entered the Meckel cave. In general, the porus trigeminus was narrowed on sides found to have an SPS that encircled this region. Sinuses that traveled only inferior to the porus were in general smaller than sinuses that traveled superior or encircled this opening. No statistically significant differences were noted between the various sinus relationships and sex, age, or side of the head. Conclusions: Knowledge of the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave may be useful to the skull base surgeon. Based on this study, some individuals may retain the early embryonic position of their SPS in relation to the trigeminal nerve.

AB - Object: During intracranial approaches to the skull base, vascular relationships are important. One relationship that has received scant attention in the literature is that between the superior petrosal sinus (SPS) and the opening of the Meckel cave (that is, the porus trigeminus). Methods: Cadaver dissections were performed in 25 latex-injected adult cadaveric heads (50 sides). Specifically, the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave was observed. The goal was to enhance knowledge of the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave. Results: of the 50 sides, 68%, 18%, and 16% of SPSs traveled superior to, inferior to, and around the opening to the Meckel cave, respectively. In the latter cases, a venous ring was formed around the proximal trigeminal nerve. No sinus entered the Meckel cave. In general, the porus trigeminus was narrowed on sides found to have an SPS that encircled this region. Sinuses that traveled only inferior to the porus were in general smaller than sinuses that traveled superior or encircled this opening. No statistically significant differences were noted between the various sinus relationships and sex, age, or side of the head. Conclusions: Knowledge of the relationship between the SPS and the opening of the Meckel cave may be useful to the skull base surgeon. Based on this study, some individuals may retain the early embryonic position of their SPS in relation to the trigeminal nerve.

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