The relationship of bone mineral density and anthropometric variables in healthy male and female children

Judy Z. Miller, Charles W. Slemenda, F. John Meaney, Theresa Kimes Reister, Siu Hui, C. Conrad Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationships among bone mineral measurements at hip, wrist, and spine sites and anthropometric measurements which provided estimates of frame size, skinfold thickness, and muscularity were examined in a population of 140 children. The average age of the children at the time of measurement was 9.5 ± 2.5 years and all subjects were white. In this study population, the anthropometric measurements were generally highly intercorrelated. Univariate correlations among bone mass and density variables at the different sites were also high, especially in the female children. Model fitting procedures were employed to separate the effects of age, frame size, and fatness on the bone mass measures. Resulting models confirmed previous results which suggest that height is the best predictor of bone mass in children. As expected, models for bone mineral content and bone mineral density were similar. Models for hips and wrist sites were also similar in including an estimate of frame size, while in those for the spine hip circumference explained a greater percentage of the variance. It appears that there are several identifiable characteristics among the anthropometric variables which appear to exert differential effects on skeletal development in children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-152
Number of pages16
JournalBone and Mineral
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Fingerprint

Bone Density
Minerals
Bone
Hip
Wrist
Bone and Bones
Spine
Skinfold Thickness
Child Development
Population

Keywords

  • Bone mineral content
  • Bone mineral density
  • Child
  • Frame size
  • Skinfold thickness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Surgery

Cite this

The relationship of bone mineral density and anthropometric variables in healthy male and female children. / Miller, Judy Z.; Slemenda, Charles W.; Meaney, F. John; Reister, Theresa Kimes; Hui, Siu; Johnston, C. Conrad.

In: Bone and Mineral, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1991, p. 137-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miller, Judy Z. ; Slemenda, Charles W. ; Meaney, F. John ; Reister, Theresa Kimes ; Hui, Siu ; Johnston, C. Conrad. / The relationship of bone mineral density and anthropometric variables in healthy male and female children. In: Bone and Mineral. 1991 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 137-152.
@article{535e33ce7eb64dc8beb102b2d80ba279,
title = "The relationship of bone mineral density and anthropometric variables in healthy male and female children",
abstract = "The relationships among bone mineral measurements at hip, wrist, and spine sites and anthropometric measurements which provided estimates of frame size, skinfold thickness, and muscularity were examined in a population of 140 children. The average age of the children at the time of measurement was 9.5 ± 2.5 years and all subjects were white. In this study population, the anthropometric measurements were generally highly intercorrelated. Univariate correlations among bone mass and density variables at the different sites were also high, especially in the female children. Model fitting procedures were employed to separate the effects of age, frame size, and fatness on the bone mass measures. Resulting models confirmed previous results which suggest that height is the best predictor of bone mass in children. As expected, models for bone mineral content and bone mineral density were similar. Models for hips and wrist sites were also similar in including an estimate of frame size, while in those for the spine hip circumference explained a greater percentage of the variance. It appears that there are several identifiable characteristics among the anthropometric variables which appear to exert differential effects on skeletal development in children.",
keywords = "Bone mineral content, Bone mineral density, Child, Frame size, Skinfold thickness",
author = "Miller, {Judy Z.} and Slemenda, {Charles W.} and Meaney, {F. John} and Reister, {Theresa Kimes} and Siu Hui and Johnston, {C. Conrad}",
year = "1991",
doi = "10.1016/0169-6009(91)90091-D",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "137--152",
journal = "Bone and Mineral",
issn = "0169-6009",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The relationship of bone mineral density and anthropometric variables in healthy male and female children

AU - Miller, Judy Z.

AU - Slemenda, Charles W.

AU - Meaney, F. John

AU - Reister, Theresa Kimes

AU - Hui, Siu

AU - Johnston, C. Conrad

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - The relationships among bone mineral measurements at hip, wrist, and spine sites and anthropometric measurements which provided estimates of frame size, skinfold thickness, and muscularity were examined in a population of 140 children. The average age of the children at the time of measurement was 9.5 ± 2.5 years and all subjects were white. In this study population, the anthropometric measurements were generally highly intercorrelated. Univariate correlations among bone mass and density variables at the different sites were also high, especially in the female children. Model fitting procedures were employed to separate the effects of age, frame size, and fatness on the bone mass measures. Resulting models confirmed previous results which suggest that height is the best predictor of bone mass in children. As expected, models for bone mineral content and bone mineral density were similar. Models for hips and wrist sites were also similar in including an estimate of frame size, while in those for the spine hip circumference explained a greater percentage of the variance. It appears that there are several identifiable characteristics among the anthropometric variables which appear to exert differential effects on skeletal development in children.

AB - The relationships among bone mineral measurements at hip, wrist, and spine sites and anthropometric measurements which provided estimates of frame size, skinfold thickness, and muscularity were examined in a population of 140 children. The average age of the children at the time of measurement was 9.5 ± 2.5 years and all subjects were white. In this study population, the anthropometric measurements were generally highly intercorrelated. Univariate correlations among bone mass and density variables at the different sites were also high, especially in the female children. Model fitting procedures were employed to separate the effects of age, frame size, and fatness on the bone mass measures. Resulting models confirmed previous results which suggest that height is the best predictor of bone mass in children. As expected, models for bone mineral content and bone mineral density were similar. Models for hips and wrist sites were also similar in including an estimate of frame size, while in those for the spine hip circumference explained a greater percentage of the variance. It appears that there are several identifiable characteristics among the anthropometric variables which appear to exert differential effects on skeletal development in children.

KW - Bone mineral content

KW - Bone mineral density

KW - Child

KW - Frame size

KW - Skinfold thickness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025859779&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025859779&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0169-6009(91)90091-D

DO - 10.1016/0169-6009(91)90091-D

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 137

EP - 152

JO - Bone and Mineral

JF - Bone and Mineral

SN - 0169-6009

IS - 2

ER -