The relationship of breast self‐examination to health belief model variables

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Scopus citations


The relationship between frequency of breast self‐examination and Health Belief Model variables was assessed in a convenience sample of 588 women. Susceptibility, seriousness, benefits, barriers, health motivation, control, and knowledge of breast cancer and breast self‐examination were measured by scales previously tested for validity and reliability. Individual items measured the frequency of breast self‐examination and the method by which breast self‐examination was taught. Multiple regression and discriminant analysis demonstrated that barriers, knowledge, and susceptibility were correlated with frequency of breast self‐examination (R = 0.53, p = ≤ 0.001). In addition, persons taught by a doctor or nurse evidenced greater frequency of breast self‐examination than those taught in other ways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-382
Number of pages8
JournalResearch in Nursing & Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1987


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this