The role of apolipoprotein A-I helix 10 in apolipoprotein-mediated cholesterol efflux via the ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCA1

Stacey E. Panagotopulos, Scott R. Witting, Erica M. Horace, David Y. Hui, J. Nicholas Maiorano, W. Sean Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent studies of Tangier disease have shown that the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1)/apolipo-protein A-I (apoA-I) interaction is critical for high density lipoprotein particle formation, apoA-I integrity, and proper reverse cholesterol transport. However, the specifics of this interaction are unknown. It has been suggested that amphipathic helices of apoA-I bind to a lipid domain created by the ABCA1 transporter. Alternatively, apoA-I may bind directly to ABCA1 itself. To better understand this interaction, we created several truncation mutants of apoA-I and then followed up with more specific point mutants and helix translocation mutants to identify and characterize the locations of apoA-I required for ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux. We found that deletion of residues 221-243 (helix 10) abolished ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux from cultured RAW mouse macrophages treated with 8-bromo-cAMP. Point mutations in helix 10 that affected the helical charge distribution reduced ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux versus the wild type. We noted a strong positive correlation between cholesterol efflux and the lipid binding characteristics of apoA-I when mutations were made in helix 10. However, there was no such correlation for helix translocations in other areas of the protein as long as helix 10 remained intact at the C terminus. From these observations, we propose an alternative model for apolipoprotein-mediated efflux.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39477-39484
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 18 2002

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Panagotopulos, S. E., Witting, S. R., Horace, E. M., Hui, D. Y., Nicholas Maiorano, J., & Sean Davidson, W. (2002). The role of apolipoprotein A-I helix 10 in apolipoprotein-mediated cholesterol efflux via the ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCA1. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277(42), 39477-39484. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M207005200