The role of MAC1 in diesel exhaust particle-induced microglial activation and loss of dopaminergic neuron function

Shannon Levesque, Thomas Taetzsch, Melinda E. Lull, Jo Anne Johnson, Constance McGraw, Michelle Block

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increasing reports support that air pollution causes neuroinflammation and is linked to central nervous system (CNS) disease/damage. Diesel exhaust particles (DEP) are a major component of urban air pollution, which has been linked to microglial activation and Parkinson's disease-like pathology. To begin to address how DEP may exert CNS effects, microglia and neuron-glia cultures were treated with either nanometer-sized DEP (<0.22 μM; 50 μg/mL), ultrafine carbon black (ufCB, 50 μg/mL), or DEP extracts (eDEP; from 50 μg/mL DEP), and the effect of microglial activation and dopaminergic (DA) neuron function was assessed. All three treatments showed enhanced ameboid microglia morphology, increased H2O2 production, and decreased DA uptake. Mechanistic inquiry revealed that the scavenger receptor inhibitor fucoidan blocked DEP internalization in microglia, but failed to alter DEP-induced H2O2 production in microglia. However, pre-treatment with the MAC1/CD11b inhibitor antibody blocked microglial H 2O2 production in response to DEP. MAC1-/- mesencephalic neuron-glia cultures were protected from DEP-induced loss of DA neuron function, as measured by DA uptake. These findings support that DEP may activate microglia through multiple mechanisms, where scavenger receptors regulate internalization of DEP and the MAC1 receptor is mandatory for both DEP-induced microglial H2O2 production and loss of DA neuron function. Diesel exhaust particles (DEP) are a major component of urban air pollution, which has been linked to microglial activation and Parkinson's disease-like pathology. Urban particulate matter is reported to reach the brain, but how microglia identify and respond to DEP is poorly understood. These findings reveal that pattern recognition receptors are key to the microglial response to DEP, where scavenger receptors regulate the internalization and MAC1 mediates ROS production and loss of DA neuron function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)756-765
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume125
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Vehicle Emissions
Dopaminergic Neurons
Neurons
Chemical activation
Microglia
Scavenger Receptors
Air Pollution
Air pollution
Neurology
Pathology
Neuroglia
Parkinson Disease
Soot
Pattern Recognition Receptors
Particulate Matter
Central Nervous System Diseases

Keywords

  • air pollution
  • brain
  • inflammation-mediated neurodegeneration
  • microglia
  • neuroinflammation
  • oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

The role of MAC1 in diesel exhaust particle-induced microglial activation and loss of dopaminergic neuron function. / Levesque, Shannon; Taetzsch, Thomas; Lull, Melinda E.; Johnson, Jo Anne; McGraw, Constance; Block, Michelle.

In: Journal of Neurochemistry, Vol. 125, No. 5, 06.2013, p. 756-765.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Levesque, Shannon ; Taetzsch, Thomas ; Lull, Melinda E. ; Johnson, Jo Anne ; McGraw, Constance ; Block, Michelle. / The role of MAC1 in diesel exhaust particle-induced microglial activation and loss of dopaminergic neuron function. In: Journal of Neurochemistry. 2013 ; Vol. 125, No. 5. pp. 756-765.
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