The role of MDM2 in promoting genome stability versus instability

M. Reza Saadatzadeh, Adily N. Elmi, Pankita H. Pandya, Khadijeh Bijangi-Vishehsaraei, Jixin Ding, Christopher W. Stamatkin, Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol, Karen E. Pollok

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

In cancer, the mouse double minute 2 (MDM2) is an oncoprotein that contributes to the promotion of cell growth, survival, invasion, and therapeutic resistance. The impact of MDM2 on cell survival versus cell death is complex and dependent on levels of MDM2 isoforms, p53 status, and cellular context. Extensive investigations have demonstrated that MDM2 protein-protein interactions with p53 and other p53 family members (p63 and p73) block their ability to function as transcription factors that regulate cell growth and survival. Upon genotoxic insults, a dynamic and intricately regulated DNA damage response circuitry is activated leading to release of p53 from MDM2 and activation of cell cycle arrest. What ensues following DNA damage, depends on the extent of DNA damage and if the cell has sufficient DNA repair capacity. The well-known auto-regulatory loop between p53-MDM2 provides an additional layer of control as the cell either repairs DNA damage and survives (i.e., MDM2 re-engages with p53), or undergoes cell death (i.e., MDM2 does not re-engage p53). Furthermore, the decision to live or die is also influenced by chromatin-localized MDM2 which directly interacts with the Mre11-Rad50-Nbs1 complex and inhibits DNA damage-sensing giving rise to the potential for increased genome instability and cellular transformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2216
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 23 2017

Keywords

  • DNA damage
  • Genome instability
  • MDM2
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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  • Cite this

    Reza Saadatzadeh, M., Elmi, A. N., Pandya, P. H., Bijangi-Vishehsaraei, K., Ding, J., Stamatkin, C. W., Cohen-Gadol, A. A., & Pollok, K. E. (2017). The role of MDM2 in promoting genome stability versus instability. International journal of molecular sciences, 18(10), [2216]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms18102216