The ability to accurately assess tumor size and orientation to surrounding vital structures is an important consideration during preoperative evaluation. The authors report on nine children with solid tumors (hepatoblastoma , neuroblastoma , adrenal cortical carcinoma , liver adenoma , primitive neuroectodermal tumor [PNET] , and stage V Wilms' tumor ) for whom tumor resectability was questioned because of the tumors' close proximity to major blood vessels (noted through conventional radiographic imaging). The children had scanning with spiral volumetric acquisition computerized tomography, (CT) which obtains images during continuous rotation of the x-ray source while the patient moves at a constant velocity through the gantry. This technique is rapid (18 to 30 seconds), and is similar with respect to radiation exposure; little or no sedation is required, and the contrast dose is lower than that of conventional CT. Three-dimensional reconstruction of spiral CT imaging provided useful information that allowed successful resection in all nine cases. The authors suggest that spiral CT may become an important imaging modality in the preoperative evaluation of pediatric solid tumors and that further evaluation of this new methodology is warranted.
- Pediatric solid tumors
- spiral computerized tomography
- tumor imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health