Eighty-five cases of splenic trauma that were treated surgically from 1981 to 1983 were reviewed to define the exact role of splenorrhaphy. There were 73 male and 12 female patients with a mean age of 34 years. The mechanism of injury was blunt trauma in 51 and penetrating trauma in 34. The incidence of associated intraabdominal injury was 31 per cent and 79 per cent in blunt and penetrating trauma, respectively. Splenectomy was performed in 43 (51%) and splenorrhaphy in 42 (49%). Splenorrhaphy was performed in 19 (37%) who had blunt trauma and 23 (67%) who had penetrating trauma (P < 0.01). Overall six patients died, three in the splenorrhaphy group (7.1%). Only one patient who had splenorrhaphy required reoperation for splenic hemorrhage. The authors conclude that 1) about 50 per cent off all injured spleens in the patient population studied can be salvaged during laparotomy for splenic trauma, 2) the splenic salvage rate is higher in penetrating trauma, and 3) splenorrhaphy is a safe operation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - Aug 4 1987|
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