The human O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) repairs O6-methylguanine (O6-MG) in DNA at a much lower rate than the Escherichia coli Ada protein, and only MGMT repairs the altered base, O6-benzylguanine (O6-BG). The diversity in DNA repair properties between MGMT and Ada may be a result of divergent amino acid sequences outside their common proline-cysteine-histidine-arginine-valine (PCHRV) acceptor site. One notable sequence difference is an MGMT 28-amino acid carboxyl-terminal tail which is highly conserved among all mammalian alkyltransferases. The role of this tail sequence in substrate specificity was assessed by expressing full-length MGMT and Ada proteins, and mutant MGMT proteins lacking either 10 or 28 amino acids from the carboxyl terminus, as GST fusion proteins in alkyltransferase-deficient E. coli cells, and comparing rates of repair of O6-MG containing DNA and O6-BG by these fusion proteins at 4°C and 37°C. The MGMT carboxyl-terminal tail was not required for repair of O6-MG in DNA at 37°C although the deletion of this tail sequence reversibly inhibited the ability of MGMT to repair O6-MG in DNA at 4°C. Therefore, the absence of this region affects the ability of the protein to repair O6-MG in DNA at lower temperatures. Furthermore, removal of the tail sequence from MGMT decreased the rate of O6-BG repair 5-fold. We conclude that the 28-amino acid carboxyl-terminal MGMT tail, while not required for activity, modulates the rate of MGMT repair at reduced temperatures and plays a role in substrate specificity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology