The subgroups of the phase III RECOURSE trial of trifluridine/tipiracil (TAS-102) versus placebo with best supportive care in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer

RECOURSE Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background In the phase III RECOURSE trial, trifluridine/tipiracil (TAS-102) extended overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) with an acceptable toxicity profile in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer refractory or intolerant to standard therapies. The present analysis investigated the efficacy and safety of trifluridine/tipiracil in RECOURSE subgroups. Methods Primary and key secondary end-points were evaluated using a Cox proportional hazards model in prespecified subgroups, including geographical subregion (United States of America [USA], European Union [EU], Japan), age (<65 years, ≥65 years) and v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma 2 viral oncogene homologue (KRAS) status (wild type, mutant). Safety and tolerability were reported with descriptive statistics. Results Eight-hundred patients were enrolled: USA, n = 99; EU, n = 403; Japan, n = 266. Patients aged ≥65 years and those with mutant KRAS tumours comprised 44% and 51% of all patients in the subregions, respectively. Final OS analysis (including 89% of events, compared with 72% in the initial analysis) confirmed the survival benefit associated with trifluridine/tipiracil, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.69 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.59–0.81; P = 0.0001). Median OS in the three regions was 6.5–7.8 months in the trifluridine/tipiracil arm and 4.3–6.7 months in the placebo arm (USA: HR 0.56; 95% CI 0.34–0.94; P = 0.0277; EU: HR 0.62; 95% CI 0.48–0.80; P = 0.0002; Japan: HR 0.75; 95% CI 0.57–1.00; P = 0.0470). Median PFS was 2.0–2.8 months for trifluridine/tipiracil and 1.7–1.8 months for placebo; HRs favoured trifluridine/tipiracil in all regions. Similar clinical benefits of trifluridine/tipiracil were observed in elderly patients and in those with mutant KRAS tumours. There were no marked differences among subregions in terms of safety and tolerability. Conclusions Trifluridine/tipiracil was effective in all subgroups, regardless of age, geographical origin or KRAS status. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01607957.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-72
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume90
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Fluoropyrimidine
  • Metastatic colorectal cancer
  • Randomised controlled trial
  • TAS-102
  • Tipiracil
  • Trifluridine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The subgroups of the phase III RECOURSE trial of trifluridine/tipiracil (TAS-102) versus placebo with best supportive care in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this