The treatment of Jehovah's Witness patients

Morris Weinberger, William M. Tierney, James Y. Greene, P. Albert Studdard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

According to their religious dogma, Jehovah's Witnesses (JW) are unwilling to accept blood transfusions, even if their own lives are at stake. This belief puts physicians, who have no consistent legal norms to guide their behavior, in an ambiguous situation. To examine the socialization process regarding the development of norms under legal uncertainty, we asked medical students, house staff and faculty physicians to discuss their actions regarding each of four case simulations (one minor child, one incompetent adult, and two competent adults). In our sample, 84% of faculty and half of the respondents overall report having had personal experience with JWs. Despite patient or parental requests to the contrary, physicians were most likely to transfuse the child (80%), followed by the imcompetent adult (63%) and the two competent adults (25 and 15%). This ordering reflects the consistency of court decisions. In addition, the physicians' decisions regarding whether or not to transfuse did not vary with either their experience with JWs or level of training; however, experienced physicians appeared to learn to take precautions to protect themselves and their hospital from legal action. The study also indicates lack of formal medical education as an information source from which medical students learn about this ethical problem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1719-1723
Number of pages5
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume16
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982

Fingerprint

Jehovah's Witnesses
witness
physician
Physicians
Medical Students
student
medical student
Therapeutics
legal norm
dogma
Socialization
Jurisprudence
Internship and Residency
court decision
Medical Education
Blood Transfusion
blood
socialization
Uncertainty
education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Development
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Weinberger, M., Tierney, W. M., Greene, J. Y., & Studdard, P. A. (1982). The treatment of Jehovah's Witness patients. Social Science and Medicine, 16(19), 1719-1723. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(82)90098-3

The treatment of Jehovah's Witness patients. / Weinberger, Morris; Tierney, William M.; Greene, James Y.; Studdard, P. Albert.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 16, No. 19, 1982, p. 1719-1723.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weinberger, M, Tierney, WM, Greene, JY & Studdard, PA 1982, 'The treatment of Jehovah's Witness patients', Social Science and Medicine, vol. 16, no. 19, pp. 1719-1723. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(82)90098-3
Weinberger M, Tierney WM, Greene JY, Studdard PA. The treatment of Jehovah's Witness patients. Social Science and Medicine. 1982;16(19):1719-1723. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(82)90098-3
Weinberger, Morris ; Tierney, William M. ; Greene, James Y. ; Studdard, P. Albert. / The treatment of Jehovah's Witness patients. In: Social Science and Medicine. 1982 ; Vol. 16, No. 19. pp. 1719-1723.
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