The c-kit proto-oncogene encodes a transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor, which is important for the normal development of hematopoietic cells, melanoblasts, and germ cells. Autophosphorylation of c-kit receptor on tyrosine creates binding sites for cellular src homology 2 (SH2)-containing signaling molecules. The discovery of phosphotyrosine phosphatases that contain SH2 domains suggests roles for these molecules in growth factor signaling pathways. We found that Syp, a phosphotyrosine phosphatase widely expressed in all the tissues in mammals, associates with c-kit receptor after activation with its ligand, steel factor, in the factor-dependent cell line, M07e. Both NH2-terminal and COOH-terminal SH2 domains of Syp, made as glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins, were able to bind to the activated c-kit receptor in vitro. Furthermore, Syp became marginally phosphorylated on tyrosine upon c-kit receptor activation, and tyrosine-phosphorylated Syp was found to be complexed with Grb2 in steel factor-stimulated M07e cells. Direct binding between Syp and Grb2 was also observed in vitro. Last, Ras and Raf interacts in vitro as a result of steel factor-stimulated Ras activation. These results suggest that Syp may be an important signaling component downstream of the c-kit receptor and involved in activation of the Ras signaling pathway in hematopoietic cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Oct 7 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology