The use of distraction and imagery with children during painful procedures

MARION E. BROOME, PATRICIA P. LILLIS, THAYER WILSON McGAHEE, TERESA BATES

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effectiveness of a paediatric pain management programme was examined using a multiple case study design. This study examined both the children's pain experience during cancer treatment, as well as their parents’anxiety and behavioural stress. Fourteen people were videotaped while receiving lumbar punctures during an 8–12 month period. Baseline data were obtained at the first of three visits prior to the introduction of relaxation, imagery and distraction exercises. Self‐ratings of child fear and parent anxiety, videotaped observations of child and parent behaviour and child pain ratings were obtained at all three visits. The children's behavioural responses to the procedure varied considerably, but their fear scores were stable and their reports of pain decreased over time. Parents reported high‐trait, low‐state anxiety scores that were stable over time. They were observed to be very supportive during the procedures. Implications for further research in this area and recommendations for practice are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-30
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Care
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1994

Keywords

  • children and pain
  • imagery and distraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The use of distraction and imagery with children during painful procedures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    BROOME, MARION. E., LILLIS, PATRICIA. P., McGAHEE, THAYER. WILSON., & BATES, TERESA. (1994). The use of distraction and imagery with children during painful procedures. European Journal of Cancer Care, 3(1), 26-30. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2354.1994.tb00006.x