The use of small titanium screws for orthodontic anchorage

T. Deguchi, T. Takano-Yamamoto, R. Kanomi, J. K. Hartsfield, W. E. Roberts, L. P. Garetto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

216 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of conventional dental implants for orthodontic anchorage is limited by their large size. The purpose of this study was to quantify the histomorphometric properties of the bone-implant interface to analyze the use of small titanium screws as an orthodontic anchorage and to establish an adequate healing period. Overall, successful rigid osseous fixation was achieved by 97% of the 96 implants placed in 8 dogs and 100% of the elastomeric chain-loaded implants. All of the loaded implants remained integrated. Mandibular implants had significantly higher bone-implant contact than maxillary implants. Within each arch, the significant histomorphometric indices noted for the "three-week unloaded" healing group were: increased labeling incidence, higher woven-to-lamellar-bone ratio, and increased osseous contact. Analysis of these data indicates that small titanium screws were able to function as rigid osseous anchorage against orthodontic load for 3 months with a minimal (under 3 weeks) healing period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-381
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of dental research
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2003

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Keywords

  • Anchorage
  • Dog
  • Implant
  • Orthodontic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Deguchi, T., Takano-Yamamoto, T., Kanomi, R., Hartsfield, J. K., Roberts, W. E., & Garetto, L. P. (2003). The use of small titanium screws for orthodontic anchorage. Journal of dental research, 82(5), 377-381. https://doi.org/10.1177/154405910308200510