The v-abl, c-fm, or v-myc oncogene induces gamma radiation resistance of hematopoietic progenitor cell line 32d cl 3 at clinical low dose rate

T. J. Fitzgerald, Maria A. Santucci, Indra Das, Kenneth Kase, Jacalyn H. Pierce, Joel S. Greenberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

A variety of viral and cellular oncogenes have been described with differing mechanisms of action but with the common property of inducing morphologic alteration of cells in culture. Subclonal lines of oncogene expressing cells have been shown to produce tumors in vivo. Expression of the N-ras oncogene in embryofibroblast NIH/3T3 cells has been demonstrated to increase radioresistance in vitro, and these results have been confirmed and extended to human cell lines expressing the c-raf oncogene. In the present report, we have examined the effects of expression of the c-fms, v-abl, or v-myc oncogene in a clonal hematopoietic progenitor cell line 32D cl 3. The 32D cell line is nonmalignant in vivo and is dependent upon a source of Interleukin-3 (IL-3) for growth in vitro. The radiation survival of 32D cl 3 cells transfected and expressed in the c-fms oncogene showed significant increase in the radioresistance at both 5 cGy/min and 116 cGy/min. A clone of 32D cl 3 transfected and expressing the v-myc oncogene demonstrated increased radioresistance at both dose rates. Results of split dose experiments suggested significant repair of sublethal irradiation damage of 32D-v-abl cells. Results were compared with expression of the same v-abl oncogene in the NIH/3T3 embryofibroblast cell line. The data demonstrate that gamma irradiation resistance is significantly increased by each oncogene expressed in 32D cl 3 cells. The data on cell line 32D cl 3 may correlate with the radioresistance of v-abl expressing human hematopoietic cell malignancies treated by irradiation therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1203-1210
Number of pages8
JournalInternational journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1991

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Keywords

  • Hematopoietic stem cell
  • Radioresistance
  • Stromal cell
  • V-abl oncogene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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